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Experience report: Anomaly detection of cloud application operations using log and cloud metric correlation analysis

Authors

Mostafa Farshchi, Jean-Guy Schneider, Ingo Weber and John Grundy

NICTA

Swinburne University of Technology

Abstract

Failure of application operations is one of the main causes of system-wide outages in cloud environments. This particularly applies to DevOps operations, such as backup, redeployment, upgrade, customized scaling, and migration that are exposed to frequent interference from other concurrent operations, configuration changes, and resources failure. However, current practices fail to provide a reliable assurance of correct execution of these kinds of operations. In this paper, we present an approach to address this problem that adopts a regression-based analysis technique to find the correlation between an operation’s activity logs and the operation activity’s effect on cloud resources. The correlation model is then used to derive assertion specifications, which can be used for runtime verification of running operations and their impact on resources. We evaluated our proposed approach on Amazon EC2 with 22 rounds of rolling upgrade operations while other types of operations were running and random faults were injected. Our experiment shows that our approach successfully managed to raise alarms for 115 random injected faults, with a precision of 92.3%.

BibTeX Entry

  @inproceedings{Farshchi_SWG_15,
    author           = {Farshchi, Mostafa and Schneider, Jean-Guy and Weber, Ingo and Grundy, John},
    year             = {2015},
    month            = nov,
    keywords         = {cloud application operations; cloud monitoring; anomaly detection; error detection; log analysis},
    title            = {Experience Report: Anomaly Detection of Cloud Application Operations Using Log and Cloud Metric
                        Correlation Analysis},
    booktitle        = {The 26th IEEE International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering},
    pages            = {24-34},
    address          = {Washington DC, USA}
  }

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